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Administering to Chameleons and Smaller Lizards

Administering Reptaid to CHAMELEONS and SIMILAR SMALLER LIZARDS

Chameleons experience health challenges with various parasites and infections. A healthy chameleon can become infected with parasites through the food source or through contamination from another animal. Common parasites include coccidia, flagellates, pinworms, roundworms, and hookworms. Sometimes the immune system of the chameleon is weakened by stress or an overload of parasites making the animal susceptible to bacteriological infections. Most commonly this is seen as an Upper Respiratory Infection (URI) , lip rot, or eye infections. Reptaid has been very effective in helping chameleons overcome all of these health challenges.

Eye dropper vs Syringe: Your Reptaid bottle may or may not come with an eye dropper attached to the lid. It is totally unnecessary. An eye dropper is NOT used to dose or administer the product. The syringe included in the box is what is used to dose and administer the product.

DOSING: Reptaid is dosed at .1ml per 100g animal weight. It is always administered orally either directly into the mouth or injected into a food item before feeding the chameleon. Following is a dosing chart for various weights of chameleons:

Animal

Weight

Dose of Reptaid

<25g

1-2 drips

25g

.025ml

50g

.05ml

100g

.1ml

150g

.15ml

200g

.20ml

250g

.25ml

300g

.30ml

TREATMENT BY AGE AND WEIGHT

BABIES or BREVS (0-5 months old, up to 25g)

Generally baby chameleons have no need for treatment. If given proper food, moisture, lighting, and cleanliness, they will thrive naturally. But if a young chameleon is not thriving like its clutch mates, Reptaid can be used carefully on the youth. The dose per the chart above is just 1 or 2 tiny tiny drips from the needle attached to the syringe. One drip off the end of the needle is a very small amount of Reptaid but for a chameleon less than 25g this is sufficient. Hold the little chameleon on its side, wrapped in a clean dry cloth with the head exposed. Just allow the tiny drip to fall into its mouth, if it will gape at you, or just allow the drip to fall between the lips if the cham will not gape. Be careful not to overdose the baby. Only give Reptaid once a day, any time of day, earlier being better.

JUVENILES OR MIDSIZED CHAMS (5-10 months old, up to 50g)

A juvenile chameleon may experience health challenges such as parasites and infections. Dosing is per the chart above. Since the dose of a juvenile is so small, it is recommended to draw in the prescribed amount of Reptaid in the syringe and then draw in about .2ml of water with the Reptaid so the cham has more liquid to swallow. Administration is the same 3 methods as for adult chameleons. 

ADULT OR FULLSIZED CHAMS (over 50g)

Adult chameleons experience both parasitic and bacteriological infections. Sometimes both at the same time. Reptaid can be used to treat for all infections effectively. Dose per the chart above.

HOW TO GET REPTAID INTO THE MOUTH

There are three methods of getting the Reptaid into the chameleonís mouth.

A. GAPING - The easiest way to treat a full sized chameleon is to squirt the Reptaid into the mouth when the chameleon gapes at you. (opens the mouth wide) You may be able to get the cham to gape by reaching gently into its enclosure and holding your hand over its back and gently around the neck. This restrains the head and when he opens his mouth to gape, just quickly squirt the syringe (without the needle) into the mouth.

B. ENCOURAGING THE MOUTH TO OPEN- sometimes a chameleon will not open its mouth, for any reason. Especially when meds are coming. In this case hold the chameleon in one hand, and rub a small rubber spatula between its lips until you can get it between his teeth. Then when he is busy biting the spatula, squirt the reptaid between his teeth.

C. INJECTING A BUG - as long as the chameleon is eating, you can inject the belly of a feeder bug with the dose of Reptaid before giving that particular bug to the cham. Do not dilute the Reptaid with water in this case, just use the amount per the dosing chart. Use the removeable needle on the syringe in this case, inject it into the bug and then offer the bug to the cham. Be sure he eats that bug. Crickets, dubia roaches and horn worms work best for receiving an injection of Reptaid. Other bugs like superworms, mealworms, silkworms, wax worms do not work as well as the solution seems to just leak out.

TREATMENT FOR PARASITES

Detection of parasites is best performed under laboratory conditions using a microscope. Symptoms of parasitic problems include loss of appetite, lack of activity, dark coloration, diarrhea, blood in the feces or urates, very smelly feces, visible worms in the feces. If any or all of these symptoms are present, you can treat with Reptaid being confident that if parasites are present, treatment will help solve the problem. Treatment for all parasites should be once a day per the dosing chart. If the animal is very sick, not eating at all, very dark and very inactive, Reptaid can be administered twice a day. At this point you are fighting for its life. You can also mix the Reptaid with some mashed up bugs or baby food so the cham gets some nutrition as well as the healing herbs.

Continue with Reptaid for 10 days. You should see improvement after 3-5 days but continue for 10 days. Then wait 2 days and start another 10 day treatment. In most cases 20 days of Reptaid is sufficient to rid the chameleon of any and all parasites. A fecal check is needed to be sure the problem is solved. And of course, as with any treatment for parasites, quarantine, disinfection of the habitat, and proper hygiene are essential to prevent reinfection.

TREATMENT FOR BACTERIOLOGICAL INFECTION

The most common infections from bacteria which afflict chameleons are eye infections, lip infections, and URI, upper respiratory infections. For all these dosing is per the chart above. Administration is the same as for parasites. For a severe respiratory infection, the chameleon will be showing foam in the mouth, holding his mouth open a lot, making definite breathing noise, and possibly coughing. Most infections will show signs of improvement in 2-3 days and be completely clear in 5-10 days. One 10 day treatment is usually sufficient to completely clear up any infection.

COMBINING WITH DRUGS

Reptaid is not a drug. It is an herbal all natural alternative to drugs. It is not recommended that Reptaid be administered at the same time as any drug. If a course of drugs is underway, discontinue the drugs and just use the Reptaid. Or finish the course of drugs and then begin the use of Reptaid. Do not use at the same time.

PROBIOTICS

When using any antibiotic drug, it is highly recommended that a probiotic such as benebac be used along with the drugs. Drugs eliminate the good gut flora in the digestive tract of the reptile. A probiotic replaces that gut flora. But Reptaid does not kill the good gut flora with its natural antibiotic properties so a probiotic is not needed with Reptaid. However Benebac can certainly be used with Reptaid as an additional boost to the immune system during treatment. USING

REPTAID PROACTIVELY

You can use Reptaid products to keep your reptiles healthy and vibrant, rather than just as a treatment for sickness or disease. It is suggested to administer Reptaid or Reptaid XL to your reptile, per the dosing chart, for 2 or 3 days at the beginning of each month. This has shown positive results in keeping animals healthy and thriving.